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Map of Chipata- Zambia

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Chipata is the 5th developed City in Zambia, behind Lusaka, Ndola, Kitwe and Livingstone. Its population is 455,783. Chipata was declared a city by President Edgar Lungu on 24 February 2017 after growth of the town in the recent years. Chipata is the capital of the Eastern Province of Zambia. Having a town, a modern market, a central hospital, shopping malls, University, Colleges and a number of schools, Chipata is the business and administrative hub of the region. The town boasts a four star hotel, a golf course, an airport, a mosque, and even a “welcome arch”. Developed areas includes Kalongwezi, Moth, and Bombay.

Chipata is the regional head of the Ngoni of Zambia. As such, Ngoni is the primary language, although Nyanja and English are widely spoken, plus some Indian languages, as a large number of Zambian Indians live in the town. It is located near the border with Malawi, and lies on the Great East Road which connects the capitals Lilongwe (130 km) and Lusaka (550 km). It is a popular access point for the South Luangwa National Park.

History

Chipata’s name comes from the Ngoni word “Chimpata” meaning “large space,” in reference to the town’s situation in a shallow valley between hills. The name of the central neighbourhood of Kapata, the original centre of town, comes from the Ngoni word meaning “small space.”

Chipata was formerly known as Fort Jameson (and informally as “Fort Jimmy”), being named after Leander Starr Jameson, a 19th-century politician and adventurer. Even during the colonial period, few agreed that Jameson, who is mainly known for his part in the unwise Jameson Raid, fully deserved the honour of having any town named after him. Like ‘Fort Manning’ and ‘Fort Rosebery’, Fort Jameson was called a “fort” because the local government offices, the “boma”, were once fortified.

Population: 455,783 (2010)

Language

Chipata is the regional head of the Ngoni of Zambia. As such, Ngoni is the primary language, although Nyanja and English are widely spoken, plus some Indian languages, as a large number of Zambian Indians live in the town.

Currency

Currency in Chipata, Zambia is ZMK (Kwacha)

Image result for ZMK (Kwacha) banknotes 2017

Geography

Chipata is located in the Eastern Part of Zambia.

Economy

A significant amount of trade occurs between Zambia and Malawi via Chipata. Local business people mainly deal in agricultural trade and other forms of small scale businesses. Local farmers sell their fresh produce at Saturday Market early every morning to marketeers who resell the produce to locals. Small scale contractors working to build roads, bridges and schools are a common sight. Other sources of income include working for the government as a civil servant, working as a manual laborer, transporting items (usually building materials and farm produce). Chipata also has several banks working with the local people providing banking services, including small scale loans.

Tourism

The Nchwala ceremony takes place on the outskirts of the city of Chipata.

Transport

A rail link to Chipata from Malawi (via Mchinji) opened in August 2011. Chipata will now act as the Zambian railhead and entry point from Malawi and beyond. In the pipeline since 1982, the short link (about 35 km) provides a through-route for rail traffic from Zambia via Malawi to the Indian Ocean deepwater port at Nacala in Mozambique. The route and alignment of the line has been laid out, including the site of Chipata station and the basic station building. The route will provide an alternative to two existing rail routes to the Indian Ocean, at Dar es Salaam and Beira.

In 2015 it was proposed to build a rail link to Serenje, a small town on the TAZARA railway line.